紫禁城的黄昏 | Twilight in the Forbidden City by Reginald Fleming Johnston

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2019年10月3日08:12:07紫禁城的黄昏 | Twilight in the Forbidden City by Reginald Fleming Johnston已关闭评论 562 次浏览
紫禁城的黄昏 | Twilight in the Forbidden City by Reginald Fleming Johnston

As part of China's 2008 Olympic welcome to visitors Xiaomina Press, presents this book about the last emperor of China. This book is essential reading for all visitors to China The Author Sir Reginald Fleming Johnston was a Scottish diplomat and the tutor of Puyi, the last emperor of China. Johnston was eye witness Chinese events in the crucial years of the 1920s and 1930s. Johnston was the only foreigner in history to be allowed inside the inner court of the Qing Dynasty.

The author carried high imperial titles and lived in both the Forbidden City and the New Summer Palace. In 1934, Johnston looked for a residence in Scotland to retire to. He found a house on Eilean Righ, a small island in Loch Craignish, some 9 miles (15 km) NW of Lochgilphead. He moved there with his enormous library, which included a Chinese Encylopaedia in 1734 volumes and a complete collection of Buddhist scriptures in 1500 volumes. Twilight in the Forbidden City is very much a history of an entire period and not an exclusive portrait of the last Emperor of China. Twilight in the Forbidden City is prefaced by the Emperor Hsuan-T'ung himself in the year 1931 Chosen by Dowager Empress Cixi while on her deathbed, Puyi ascended the throne at age 2 years 10 months in December 1908 following his uncle's death on November 14.

Puyi's introduction to emperorship began when palace officials arrived at his family household to take him. Puyi screamed and resisted as the officials ordered the eunuchs to pick him up. His wet-nurse, Wen-Chao Wang, was the only one who could console him, and therefore accompanied Puyi to the Forbidden City. Puyi would not see his real mother again for six years. Puyi's upbringing was hardly conducive to the raising of a healthy, well-balanced child. Overnight, he was treated as a god and unable to behave as a child. The adults in his life, save his wet-nurse Mrs. Wang, were all strangers, remote, distant, and unable to discipline him. Wherever he went, grown men would kneel to the floor in a ritual kow-tow, averting their eyes until he passed.

他,是末代皇帝溥仪的西洋老师;他,被英国宗教界抨击为“英国的叛徒”。

他,描绘了紫禁城内令人憧憬的生活图景;他,记录了外国人眼中近代中国跌宕起伏的政治局面。

《紫禁城的黄昏》是“帝师”庄士敦的怀旧集,以他与溥仪的主要交往经历为线索,记述了从晚清到民国期间,中国发生的如戊戌风云、辛亥革命、张勋复辟等事件,以及他的看法,客观地反映了中国从帝制到共和的艰难过渡。

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