富兰克林传 | Benjamin Franklin: An American Life by Walter Isaacson

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2019年11月9日13:16:42富兰克林传 | Benjamin Franklin: An American Life by Walter Isaacson已关闭评论 450 次浏览
富兰克林传 | Benjamin Franklin: An American Life by Walter Isaacson

Benjamin Franklin is the Founding Father who winks at us. An ambitious urban entrepreneur who rose up the social ladder, from leather-aproned shopkeeper to dining with kings, he seems made of flesh rather than of marble. In bestselling author Walter Isaacson's vivid and witty full-scale biography, we discover why Franklin seems to turn to us from history's stage with eyes that twinkle from behind his new-fangled spectacles. By bringing Franklin to life, Isaacson shows how he helped to define both his own time and ours.

He was, during his 84-year life, America's best scientist, inventor, diplomat, writer, and business strategist, and he was also one of its most practical—though not most profound—political thinkers. He proved by flying a kite that lightning was electricity, and he invented a rod to tame it. He sought practical ways to make stoves less smoky and commonwealths less corrupt. He organized neighborhood constabularies and international alliances, local lending libraries and national legislatures. He combined two types of lenses to create bifocals and two concepts of representation to foster the nation's federal compromise. He was the only man who shaped all the founding documents of America: the Albany Plan of Union, the Declaration of Independence, the treaty of alliance with France, the peace treaty with England, and the Constitution. And he helped invent America's unique style of homespun humor, democratic values, and philosophical pragmatism.

But the most interesting thing that Franklin invented, and continually reinvented, was himself. America's first great publicist, he was, in his life and in his writings, consciously trying to create a new American archetype. In the process, he carefully crafted his own persona, portrayed it in public, and polished it for posterity.

Through it all, he trusted the hearts and minds of his fellow "leather-aprons" more than he did those of any inbred elite. He saw middle-class values as a source of social strength, not as something to be derided. His guiding principle was a "dislike of everything that tended to debase the spirit of the common people." Few of his fellow founders felt this comfort with democracy so fully, and none so intuitively.

In this colorful and intimate narrative, Isaacson provides the full sweep of Franklin's amazing life, from his days as a runaway printer to his triumphs as a statesman, scientist, and Founding Father. He chronicles Franklin's tumultuous relationship with his illegitimate son and grandson, his practical marriage, and his flirtations with the ladies of Paris. He also shows how Franklin helped to create the American character and why he has a particular resonance in the twenty-first century.

本杰明·富兰克林(Benjamin Franklin)(1706-1790年)是18世纪美国的实业家、科学家、社会活动家、思想家和外交家。

他是美国历史上第一位享有国际声誉的科学家、发明家和音乐家。为了对电进行探索曾经做过著名的“风筝实验”,在电学上成就显著。为了深入 探讨电运动的规律,创造的许多专用名词如正电、负电、导电体、电池、充电、放电等成为世界通用的词汇。他借用了数学上正负的概念,第一个科学地用正电、负电概念表示电荷性质。

并提出了电荷不能创生、也不能消灭的思想,后人在此基础上发现了电荷守恒定律。他最先提出了避雷针的设想,由此而制造的避雷针,避免了雷击灾难,破除了迷信。他是一位优秀的政治家。是美国独立战争的老战士。他参加起草了《独立宣言》和美国宪法。积极主张废除奴隶制度,深受美国人民的崇敬,在世界上也享有较高的声誉。

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  • 版权声明: 发表于 2019年11月9日13:16:42
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