歧视与不平等 | Discrimination and Disparities by Thomas Sowell

    歧视与不平等 | Discrimination and Disparities by Thomas Sowell

    An empirical examination of how economic and other disparities arise  Economic and other outcomes differ vastly among individuals, groups, and nations. Many explanations have been offered for the differences. Some believe that those with less fortunate outcomes are victims of genetics. Others believe that those who are less fortunate are victims of the more fortunate. Discrimination and Disparities gathers a wide array of empirical evidence from to challenge the idea that different economic outcomes can be explained by any one factor, be it discrimination, exploitation or genetics. 

    It is readable enough for people with no prior knowledge of economics. Yet the empirical evidence with which it backs up its analysis spans the globe and challenges beliefs across the ideological spectrum. The point of Discrimination and Disparities is not to recommend some particular policy "fix" at the end, but to clarify why so many policy fixes have turned out to be counterproductive, and to expose some seemingly invincible fallacies--behind many counterproductive policies.

    个人、群体和国家在经济成果的取得等不同社会方面都存在着很大的差异。人们对这种差异提出了许多解释,一些人认为那些结果不太幸运的人是基因的受害者;另一些人认为这些不那么幸运的人是那些更幸运的人的受害者。

    《歧视与不平等》搜集了大量的经验证据,挑战一种观点——不同的经济结果可以由任何一个因素来解释,无论是歧视、剥削还是基因。作者托马斯·索威尔分析了关于这些不平等问题的普遍社会观点以及基于这种观点的政策对人类造成的影响——从教育灾难到广泛的犯罪和暴力,旨在用事实和逻辑还原真实世界的运行机制,冷静而有说服力地打破关于种族、经济、历史和文化的狭隘与偏见,重新审视每一种看似合理的社会谬误,为我们提供了一个更加理智、平衡和有说服力的经济学新视角。

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