超级智能 | Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies by Nick Bostrom

    超级智能 | Superintelligence: Paths, Dangers, Strategies by Nick Bostrom

    当机器智能超越了人类智能时会发生什么?人工智能会拯救人类还是毁灭人类?

    作者提到,我们不是这个星球上速度最快的生物,但我们发明了汽车、火车和飞机。我们虽然不是最强壮的,但我们发明了推土机。我们的牙齿不是最锋利的,但我们可以发明比任何动物的牙齿更坚硬的刀具。我们之所以能控制地球,是因为我们的大脑比即使最聪明的动物的大脑都要复杂得多。如果机器比人类聪明,那么我们将不再是这个星球的主宰。当这一切发生的时候,机器的运转将超越人类。

    人类大脑拥有一些其他动物大脑没有的功能。正是这些独特的功能使我们的种族得以拥有主导地位。如果机器大脑在一般智能方面超越了人类,那么这种新兴的超级智能可能会极其强大,并且有可能无法控制。

    正如现在大猩猩的命运更多的掌握在人类手中而不是自己手中一样,人类未来的命运也会取决于机器超级智能的行为。
    但是,我们有一项优势:我们有机会率先采取行动。是否有可能建造一个种子人工智能,创造特定的初始条件,使得智能爆发的结果能够允许人类的生存?我们如何实现这种可控的引爆?

    作者相信,超级智能对我们人类将是一个巨大的威胁。在这本书中,作者谈到了超级智能的优势所带来的风险,也谈到了人类如何解决这种风险。作者认为,他的这本书提到的问题将是我们人类所面临的很大风险。

    这本书目标宏大,且有独创性,开辟了人工智能领域的新道路。本书会带你开启一段引人入胜的旅程,把你带到对人类状况和智慧生命未来思索的最前沿。尼克•波斯特洛姆的新书为理解人类和智慧生命的未来奠定了基础,不愧是对我们时代根本任务的一次重新定义。

    The human brain has some capabilities that the brains of other animals lack. It is to these distinctive capabilities that our species owes its dominant position. Other animals have stronger muscles or sharper claws, but we have cleverer brains.

    If machine brains one day come to surpass human brains in general intelligence, then this new superintelligence could become very powerful. As the fate of the gorillas now depends more on us humans than on the gorillas themselves, so the fate of our species then would come to depend on the actions of the machine superintelligence.

    But we have one advantage: we get to make the first move. Will it be possible to construct a seed AI or otherwise to engineer initial conditions so as to make an intelligence explosion survivable? How could one achieve a controlled detonation?

    To get closer to an answer to this question, we must make our way through a fascinating landscape of topics and considerations. Read the book and learn about oracles, genies, singletons; about boxing methods, tripwires, and mind crime; about humanity's cosmic endowment and differential technological development; indirect normativity, instrumental convergence, whole brain emulation and technology couplings; Malthusian economics and dystopian evolution; artificial intelligence, and biological
    cognitive enhancement, and collective intelligence.

    This profoundly ambitious and original book picks its way carefully through a vast tract of forbiddingly difficult intellectual terrain. Yet the writing is so lucid that it somehow makes it all seem easy. After an utterly engrossing journey that takes us to the frontiers of thinking about the human condition and the future of intelligent life, we find in Nick Bostrom's work nothing less than a reconceptualization of the essential task of our time.

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