崩溃 | Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed by Jared Diamond

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2019年10月7日13:14:43崩溃 | Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed by Jared Diamond已关闭评论 201 次浏览
崩溃 | Collapse: How Societies Choose to Fail or Succeed by Jared Diamond

Brilliant, illuminating, and immensely absorbing, Collapse is destined to take its place as one of the essential books of our time, raising the urgent question: How can our world best avoid committing ecological suicide?

In his million-copy bestseller Guns, Germs, and Steel, Jared Diamond examined how and why Western civilizations developed the technologies and immunities that allowed them to dominate much of the world. Now in this brilliant companion volume, Diamond probes the other side of the equation: What caused some of the great civilizations of the past to collapse into ruin, and what can we learn from their fates?

As in Guns, Germs, and Steel, Diamond weaves an all-encompassing global thesis through a series of fascinating historical-cultural narratives. Moving from the Polynesian cultures on Easter Island to the flourishing American civilizations of the Anasazi and the Maya and finally to the doomed Viking colony on Greenland, Diamond traces the fundamental pattern of catastrophe. Environmental damage, climate change, rapid population growth, and unwise political choices were all factors in the demise of these societies, but other societies found solutions and persisted. Similar problems face us today and have already brought disaster to Rwanda and Haiti, even as China and Australia are trying to cope in innovative ways. Despite our own society's apparently inexhaustible wealth and unrivaled political power, ominous warning signs have begun to emerge even in ecologically robust areas like Montana.

Brilliant, illuminating, and immensely absorbing, Collapse is destined to take its place as one of the essential books of our time, raising the urgent question: How can our world best avoid committing ecological suicide?

2003年,沙尘暴从内蒙古横袭整个中国大陆。
2004年,南亚大海啸夺走22万条人命。
2005年,卡特里娜飓风侵袭美国新奥尔良引发世纪大迁徒。
21××年,地球村大崩溃?

为什么复活节岛人能竖起令人惊叹的巨石人像,却无法避免森林殆尽,物种灭绝的命运?为什么同样是生活在格陵兰岛上,中世纪的维京社会渐渐走向消亡,而当地的因纽特人却延存至今?今天,一些人类社会也因面临类似的问题而生灵涂炭、家园残破,就像卢旺达和海地发生的悲剧;即使那风景如画、人间天堂般的美国蒙大拿州,也早已危机四伏。

面对这一切,我们该如何抉择,才能避免自己走上崩溃之路?《崩溃(社会如何选择成败兴亡)》为戴蒙德继《枪炮、病菌与钢铁》后的又一巨制,格局宏大、鞭辟入里,多有对文明悲剧的忧患之思,可谓是21世纪全人类的求生之书。

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