单身时代 | Leftover in China: The Women Shaping the World’s Next Superpower by Roseann Lake

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2020年3月9日07:43:00单身时代 | Leftover in China: The Women Shaping the World’s Next Superpower by Roseann Lake已关闭评论 383 次浏览
单身时代 | Leftover in China: The Women Shaping the World's Next Superpower by Roseann Lake

Forty years ago, China enacted the one-child policy, only recently relaxed. Among many other unintended consequences, it resulted in both an enormous gender imbalance—with a predicted twenty million more men than women of marriage age by 2020—and China’s first generations of only-daughters. Given the resources normally reserved for boys, these girls were pushed to study, excel in college, and succeed in careers, as if they were sons.

Now living in an economic powerhouse, enough of these women have decided to postpone marriage—or not marry at all—to spawn a label: "leftovers." Unprecedentedly well-educated and goal-oriented, they struggle to find partners in a society where gender roles have not evolved as vigorously as society itself, and where new professional opportunities have made women less willing to compromise their careers or concede to marriage for the sake of being wed. Further complicating their search for a mate, the vast majority of China’s single men reside in and are tied to the rural areas where they were raised. This makes them geographically, economically, and educationally incompatible with city-dwelling “leftovers,” who also face difficulty in partnering with urban men, given the urban men’s general preference for more dutiful, domesticated wives.

Part critique of China’s paternalistic ideals, part playful portrait of the romantic travails of China’s trailblazing women and their well-meaning parents who are anxious to see their daughters snuggled into traditional wedlock, Roseann Lake’s Leftover in China focuses on the lives of four individual women against a backdrop of colorful anecdotes, hundreds of interviews, and rigorous historical and demographic research to show how these "leftovers" are the linchpin to China’s future.

《单身时代》的作者是旅居中国五年的美国记者,她探访了多名“剩女”,在书中呈现了四位未婚白领女性的现实故事,通过她们各自的困境与选择,勾勒出当今中国“剩女时代”的真实面貌。从而更进一步探讨中国未来将会遭遇的社会问题,帮助我们理解政治和社会如何塑造中国女性的生活,以及这对世界 意味着什么。

《单身时代》将四位不同情况的女性故事融入不同章节:因为博士学位而找不到男友的“剩女”、有不再相信婚姻的“剩女”、有寻求更好生活而不得不成为“剩女”的“剩女”、为了讨好母亲而忍受各种相亲方式的“剩女”。通过对这些女性故事的叙述,作者想要让读者知道:越来越多的女性愿意去维护自己决定个人未来的权力,而且也能够拥有更精彩的人生。

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