【TED】世界古老建筑奇迹的秘密 | Architectural secrets of the world’s ancient wonders

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2019年10月22日11:51:12【TED】世界古老建筑奇迹的秘密 | Architectural secrets of the world’s ancient wonders已关闭评论 220 次浏览
【TED】世界古老建筑奇迹的秘密 | Architectural secrets of the world's ancient wonders

古代文明是如何移动大石块来建造巨石阵、金字塔和复活节岛石像的?TED 研究员布兰登·克里福德通过这个简短、愉快的演讲,揭示了古老建筑的秘密,并且展示了如何用这些精妙的方法建造未来。他说:“在这个建筑物只有30到60年寿命的时代,学习创造亘古永恒的奇迹,该是多么神奇啊。”

中英文对照字幕

Do you think the things we build today will be considered wonders in the future? Think of Stonehenge, the Pyramids, Machu Picchu and Easter Island. Now, they're all pretty different from what we're doing today, with those massive stones, assembled in complex but seemingly illogical ways, and all traces of their construction erased, shrouding them in mystery.

It seems like people could not have possibly built these things, because people didn't. They were carefully crafted by a primordial race of giants known as Cyclops.

当今时代的建筑, 在未来会是奇迹吗?就像巨石阵、 金字塔、 马丘比丘和复活节岛?这些建筑和现今的建筑 有天壤之别, 它们由巨大的石头, 以复杂、似乎没有逻辑的形式堆叠而成。而它们所有的建造痕迹 都被抹去了, 让它们成为了人类历史的不解之谜。

很难想象人类能够建造这些奇迹, 因为它们不是人类建造的, 是一群原始巨人精心打磨成的, 也就是独眼巨人。

And I've been collaborating with these monsters to learn their secrets for moving those massive stones. And as it turns out, Cyclops aren't even that strong. They're just really smart about getting material to work for them.

我最近和这群巨人合作, 来揭示它们移动巨石的秘密。结果我发现,独眼巨人没那么强壮, 他们只是非常聪明, 善于操控物体。

Now, the videos you see behind me of large, stone-like, wobbly creatures are the results of this collaboration. OK, so Cyclops might be a mythical creature, but those wonders are still real. People made them. But they also made the myths that surround them, and when it comes to wonders, there's this thick connective tissue between mythology and reality.

我身后的视频中,大家看到的 巨大、石头样的摇晃的物体, 就是这次合作的成果。好吧,独眼巨人只是个传说, 但这些史前奇迹是真实存在的, 它们是由人类建造的。它们也引发了许多神话, 而在神话和现实之间, 有着深厚的联系。

Take Easter Island, for example. When the Dutch explorers first encountered the island, they asked the people of Rapa Nui how their ancestors could have possibly moved those massive statues. And the Rapa Nui said, "Our ancestors didn't move the statues, because the statues walked themselves."

比如复活节岛。荷兰探险家首次发现这个岛的时候, 问当地的拉帕努伊居民, 你们的祖先是怎么挪动这些巨石的?拉帕努伊人说:“我们的祖先没有挪这些雕像, 因为雕像自己会走路。”

For centuries, this was dismissed, but actually it's true. The statues, known as moai, were transported standing, pivoting from side to side. OK? As spectacular as the moai are for visitors today, you have to imagine being there then, with colossal moai marching around the island. Because the real memorial was not the objects themselves, it was the cultural ritual of bringing a stone to life.

几个世纪以来,该说法 一直被人们忽视,但这却是真相。这些雕像,也被称为摩艾巨石, 是直立着,不断旋转着运输的。能想象吧?今天大家看到这些巨石觉得很壮观, 那想象一下当年的景象, 巨大雕像在岛上行走的样子 岂不更加壮观。因为它们的真正意义, 不是这些物体本身, 而是赋予石头“生命”的文化仪式。

So as an architect, I've been chasing that dream. How can we shift our idea of construction to accommodate that mythical side? So what I've been doing is challenging myself with putting on a series of performances of the ancient but pretty straightforward task of just moving and standing big heavy objects, like this 16-foot-tall megalith designed to walk across land and stand vertically; or this 4,000-pound behemoth that springs itself to life to dance onstage. And what I've found is that by thinking of architecture not as an end product but as a performance from conception to completion, we end up rediscovering some really smart ways to build things today.

作为一个建筑师,这就是我的梦想。我们如何将思维从打造建筑 转变为创造神话?所以我一直在挑战自我, 进行一系列 古老但非常直接的、 移动站立的、巨大笨重物体的展示, 比如这块设计为可在 地面行走、并竖直站立的 16英尺高巨石;再比如这个可以一跃而起、 在台上起舞的 4000磅的庞然大物。通过这些,我发现, 如果不把建筑看作最终成品, 而是看作一场表演, 从概念一直到成品, 我们就可以重新发现 非常精妙的建造方式。

You know, so much of the discussion surrounding our future focuses on technology, efficiency and speed. But if I've learned anything from Cyclops, it's that wonders can be smart, spectacular and sustainable -- because of their mass and their mystery. And while people still want to know how those ancient wonders were built, I've been asking Cyclops how to create the mystery that compels people to ask that very question.

太多关于未来建筑的讨论, 都是关于科技、效率和速度。但是独眼巨人教会了我一件事:奇迹之所以精妙、壮观, 而且经久不衰, 正是因为它们的巨大和神秘。尽管人们还在猜测, 这些古老奇迹是怎么建造的, 我却在向独眼巨人提问:如何建造引发这些猜测的奇迹?

Because in an era where we design buildings to last 30, maybe 60 years, I would love to learn how to create something that could entertain for an eternity.

因为在这个建筑物 只有30年、也许60年寿命的时代, 学习创造亘古永恒的奇迹, 该是多么美妙啊。

Thank you.

谢谢。

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