群体性孤独 | Alone Together: Why We Expect More from Technology and Less from Each Other by Sherry Turkle

    群体性孤独 | Alone Together: Why We Expect More from Technology and Less from Each Other by Sherry Turkle

    Consider Facebook—it’s human contact, only easier to engage with and easier to avoid. Developing technology promises closeness. Sometimes it delivers, but much of our modern life leaves us less connected with people and more connected to simulations of them.

    In Alone Together, MIT technology and society professor Sherry Turkle explores the power of our new tools and toys to dramatically alter our social lives. It’s a nuanced exploration of what we are looking for—and sacrificing—in a world of electronic companions and social networking tools, and an argument that, despite the hand-waving of today’s self-described prophets of the future, it will be the next generation who will chart the path between isolation and connectivity.

    你是否也熟悉这样的场景:家人在一起,不是交心,而是各自看电脑和手机;朋友聚会,不是叙旧,而是拼命刷新微博、微信;课堂上,老师在讲,学生在网上聊天;会议中,别人在报告,听众在收发信息。所有这些现象都可以归结为“群体性孤独”——我们似乎在一起,但实际上活在自己的“气泡”中。我们期待他人少,期待技术多。不间断的联系,是否让人类陷入了更深的孤独?

    麻省理工学院社会学教授雪莉·特克尔为了研究人与机器人之间的互动,15年来深入两家养老院,对200多人进行了实地研究;为了研究人们的网上互动,与7家中学合作,收集了450名中学生的第一手研究资料。她通过研究发现,信息技术在给人们带来沟通便利的同时,也使人与人之间的关系弱化,有些人甚至因此而丧失了面对面交流的能力。特克尔认为,人们发短信、发邮件,上社交网站,玩电子游戏,从形式上看人们之间的联系似乎更轻松、更密切,但实际上却更焦虑、更孤单。

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