白板 | The Blank Slate: The Modern Denial of Human Nature by Steven Pinker

    白板 | The Blank Slate: The Modern Denial of Human Nature by Steven Pinker

    In The Blank Slate, Steven Pinker explores the idea of human nature and its moral, emotional, and political colorings. He shows how many intellectuals have denied the existence of human nature by embracing three linked dogmas: the Blank Slate (the mind has no innate traits), the Noble Savage (people are born good and corrupted by society), and the Ghost in the Machine (each of us has a soul that makes choices free from biology). Each dogma carries a moral burden, so their defenders have engaged in desperate tactics to discredit the scientists who are now challenging them.

    Pinker injects calm and rationality into these debates by showing that equality, progress, responsibility, and purpose have nothing to fear from discoveries about a rich human nature. He disarms even the most menacing threats with clear thinking, common sense, and pertinent facts from science and history.

    Despite its popularity among intellectuals during much of the twentieth century, he argues, the doctrine of the Blank Slate may have done more harm than good. It denies our common humanity and our individual preferences, replaces hardheaded analyses of social problems with feel-good slogans, and distorts our understanding of government, violence, parenting, and the arts.

    Pinker shows that an acknowledgement of human nature that is grounded in science and common sense, far from being dangerous, can complement insights about the human condition made by millennia of artists and philosophers. All this is done in the style that earned his previous books many prizes and worldwide acclaim: wit, lucidity, and insight into matters great and small.

    关于主流人性论的颠覆性反叛,破而后立,进而建立起新的意义和道德观念,重塑对人性的信心。

    阐明人性的本源、内涵及局限,追溯人类诸多苦难的根源,拨开道德错觉的迷雾,直达现实的彼岸。

    直面人性科学研究领域的诸多热点话题:政治、暴力、性别、儿童及艺术,发现诸多现实冲突背后的分岔路口及共享的普世价值观念。

    一场探索人类本性的奇幻之旅。

    史蒂芬·平克“语言与人性”四部曲之最后一部。

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