认知天性 | Make It Stick: The Science of Successful Learning by Peter C. Brown, Henry L. Roediger III, Mark A. McDaniel

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2019年11月25日20:00:00认知天性 | Make It Stick: The Science of Successful Learning by Peter C. Brown, Henry L. Roediger III, Mark A. McDaniel已关闭评论 470 次浏览
认知天性 | Make It Stick: The Science of Successful Learning by Peter C. Brown, Henry L. Roediger III, Mark A. McDaniel

To most of us, learning something "the hard way" implies wasted time and effort. Good teaching, we believe, should be creatively tailored to the different learning styles of students and should use strategies that make learning easier. Make It Stick turns fashionable ideas like these on their head. Drawing on recent discoveries in cognitive psychology and other disciplines, the authors offer concrete techniques for becoming more productive learners.

Memory plays a central role in our ability to carry out complex cognitive tasks, such as applying knowledge to problems never before encountered and drawing inferences from facts already known. New insights into how memory is encoded, consolidated, and later retrieved have led to a better understanding of how we learn. Grappling with the impediments that make learning challenging leads both to more complex mastery and better retention of what was learned.

Many common study habits and practice routines turn out to be counterproductive. Underlining and highlighting, rereading, cramming, and single-minded repetition of new skills create the illusion of mastery, but gains fade quickly. More complex and durable learning come from self-testing, introducing certain difficulties in practice, waiting to re-study new material until a little forgetting has set in, and interleaving the practice of one skill or topic with another. Speaking most urgently to students, teachers, trainers, and athletes, Make It Stick will appeal to all those interested in the challenge of lifelong learning and self-improvement.

这本书是11位认知心理学家10年的科研心血。以罗迪格教授为主要负责人的团队在项目上投入了10年时间, 首次提出人类认知规律和学习之间的紧密联系,透彻解读人类普遍的学习过程规律。根据脑神经科学研究成果,推导出的最有利于大脑的简单学习法则。

在这本书中,你将掌握学习领域的终极规律:

为什么说天性懒惰孕育了认知规律和心智模型

只需 1次自测,一周后回忆率从 28% 跃迁为 39%

知识是平面的,复合型知识是立体的

哪些 “良性干扰” 能提升学习效果

别在无法克服的学习困难上浪费时间

如何打造适合自己的心智模型

掌握几个适合自己的记忆技巧会事半功倍……

这本书案例丰富,论点权威,是一本不容错过的认知科普读物。

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  • 版权声明: 发表于 2019年11月25日20:00:00
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